What Are The Five Purposes Of A Government? Everyone Should Know

They are defense, national identity, representation, social welfare, and infrastructure. A government, basically, has three branches – the Executive, the Legislative, and the Judicial. These branches help in the all-round functioning of a government. The paragraphs below highlight the five main purposes of a government. The Preamble thus may have much to say—quietly—about how the Constitution is to be interpreted and who possesses the ultimate power of constitutional interpretation. It describes the purposes for which that document was adopted, which has implications for interpreting specific provisions.

This lesson introduces you to some of the basic ideas which were of great importance to the Founders. You will learn why they thought we need a government in the first place. You will also learn how they believed governments should be created and what they ought to do. Service delivery and the individual experience within health and human services is often very siloed and fragmented. While government employees, students and the general public had to wait in line for hours in the beginning of the pandemic, at-home test kits make it easy to diagnose for the novel coronavirus in less than 30 minutes. Well, ok, strictly speaking socialism doesn’t refer to the equality but to whatever system that equality exists within.

Establish LawsMaintain Order and SecurityProtect from External Threats Provide for the General WelfareGovernment has the legitimate authority to institute laws that all people must follow; government also has the authority to punish those who break the law. If the powers of the national government had to be properly structured or arranged to achieve the objectives of the leading Founders, so the division of powers between the national government and the states had to be properly arranged as well. The division under the Articles of Confederation favored the states to a degree that worked against the promotion of the “safety and happiness” of the American people.

As an analyst, my job is to help policymakers conceptualize the tradeoffs between competing goals. Most people would agree that the government should work to grow the economy, reduce poverty and inequality, and help its citizens live more free, meaningful lives. Because citizens busily pursuing their own happiness are too distracted or disinterested to notice when privileged groups shape the government to serve their purposes. The government seeks to balance the interests of the individual with the interests of the community.

Review of state action by the national judiciary follows naturally from the provisions of the Constitution. Madison and some other Framers believed that infringements of rights were more likely to arise from state action than national action, in large part due to the broad powers of the states over the day-to-day affairs of the people. In short, Madison recognized that preserving the states as important political entities within the larger constitutional system would bring risks as well as benefits. It is instructive that Madison lobbied unsuccessfully during the congressional debates on the Bill of Rights for a constitutional provision or “amendment” that would specifically restrain the authority of the states to interfere with freedom of the press and freedom of conscience. The purpose of government, then, is to shape and create individuals.